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Controversy over the dangers of quantum computing with AI

Controversy over the dangers of quantum computing with AI

Controversy over the dangers of quantum computing with AI

Some experts believe that quantum technology poses a major threat to humanity, while others believe that artificial intelligence should take over.

Many experts have long said that artificial intelligence is a very dangerous and regulated technology. However, on Aug. 21, journalists and technology experts Vivek Wadwa and Moritz Kopas, visiting professors at Stanford University, wrote in the journal. foreign policyEmphasizing that quantum computing is more dangerous than AI.

Is quantum computing more dangerous than AI?

“Despite all the talk that artificial intelligence is friendly, the technology is not ready yet. She cannot even perform simple everyday tasks like driving a vehicle. She cannot deal with unexpected situations that require communication and intuition. AI has nothing it can do now, and humans can handle it at low levels. “It’s just a thought,” the two authors began the article.

CEO Sundar Pichai (left) stands next to one of Google's quantum computers in 2019.  The month of October.  Photo: Reuters

CEO Sundar Pichai (left) stands next to one of Google’s quantum computers in 2019. The month of October. See: Reuters

According to Wadwa and Cope, AI is currently an overgrown technology. Meanwhile, quantum computing could have an even bigger impact. When combined with AI technology, the performance is even greater.

“A quantum computer is just beginning to work on a completely different principle than existing computers. If projects around the world are successful, these machines will be incredibly powerful, completing tasks in seconds that would take a traditional computer millions of years to complete.” He said..

Now quantum computers process information differently. In traditional computers, data is stored in binary numbers (bits) and assigned two values, off and on, 0 and 1 respectively. It can only handle one of the values ​​0 or 1. Calculations called qubits allow multiple states such as 1-0, 1-1, 0-1, and 0-0 to exist at the same time, and this amount of data can be processed much faster than traditional computers.

“When quantum physics moves beyond the experimental stage for everyday applications, it will make a difference and change many aspects of life,” the article states. “With this kind of computing power, quantum computers can quickly process the massive amounts of data that overwhelm any system today.

But both fear the technology will be used for nefarious purposes, such as creating new, more toxic substances and biological weapons. However, the biggest risk is cracking the password or encrypting the data.

In fact, the computing power of quantum computers is unlimited. cyber news For example, if intelligence units are equipped with quantum computers, they can crack a 2048-bit RSA encryption in less than 8 hours. If you gave the world’s fastest supercomputer the same task and decoded it using conventional techniques, that device would take about 300 trillion years.

In 2017, Larry Karisny, director of security organization Project Safety, said that quantum technology would disrupt economies and the balance of power among nations, while also helping to disrupt cryptocurrencies. “Quantum computing technology is virtually unbreakable, and in theory, the computing power should be able to crack any type of encryption,” Karisni said. forbes.

Regulators are also beginning to understand the issue. The US Department of Commerce’s Standards and Technology Organization (NIST) is working on something called quantum-resistant cryptography that would create a cryptosystem that could even break quantum computers.

Quantum computing is slowly penetrating the enterprise. According to IDG, about 25% of Fortune 500 companies will use quantum computing within the next three years. “Decryption, data collection and data breaches can speed up the process. There will even be an arms race between companies,” the site reads. Deloitte Opinion.

According to Wadwa and Cope, governments around the world should consider regulating the development of quantum computing because the technology is “much more dangerous” than AI if misused.

Opposing Opinions

Following Wadwa and Cope’s comments, information systems expert Tristan Green returned. “I agree with the idea that quantum technology could be a technology with enormous impact, changing the pages of history. But worrying about the threat might be overdoing it,” Green said. Another web.

An example of secret information being deciphered is that quantum computers were only invented to speed things up. In the meantime, the world now has ways to mitigate the risks of quantum coding. After all, the cost of a quantum machine running into the billions is also a major hurdle that not everyone can invest in. For companies or laboratories that have such machines, they are managed and regulated by a government-level regulator.

“So what kind of damage can a quantum computer do? In my opinion, it contributes to the problems associated with analysis, such as algorithmic bias,” Green said. “Quantum computing is like a synthetic reaction. It can cause unprecedented damage, but the cost of bringing it to the majority of people on the planet is high.”

He now believes that artificial intelligence has become very popular. With the internet and a computer, anyone can get online, download AI, and experience. “With a little experience and skill, anyone can learn to build and implement AI models,” Green said. “The simple presence of AI makes it a clear and present threat to every human being on Earth.”

Not only Green, many people fear that artificial intelligence could harm humanity if misused. In a speech at Tesla’s California factory earlier this year, billionaire Elon Musk said his biggest fear was “the misconduct of artificial intelligence.” In March 2018 he emphasized that “AI is more dangerous than nuclear power”.

In August, the tech world was embroiled in an ongoing debate after former Google artificial intelligence expert Blake Lemoine concluded that Google’s LAMDA, an intelligent chatbot under development, “challenged the mind of a… child”.

Many people believe that the current AI will simply respond to the commands that users enter based on the vast amount of data available. However, many experts say that “AI thinking could be fully developed in 10 to 20 years, so governments should control this type of technology more tightly than they are doing now.”

Quantum computing is still in its infancy, but is developing rapidly. The company’s Querra quantum computer is said to be the most powerful currently at 256 qubits. Late last year, IBM released its 127-qubit Eagle quantum chip, but it hasn’t been deployed in any system yet. The company plans to release 433 qubits on the Quantum Osprey this year and 1,121 qubits on the Quantum Condor next year.

Bao Lam

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